One day, while cleaning the household, the female head of the family decided to have this flute thrown away. “Why should we bother keeping it anyway? Who wants to play it even?”, she said to herself. And within seconds, the instrument found itself lying on the road outside.
Friendliness is like a brightly shining star. No one may be there, looking up at the sky to watch this star and yet it exists. And yet it lights up and rejoices! Nobody may ever come to know about it but it is still there. It does not depend on perception to exist.
Now coming to the heterodox category, we have the materialists or Carvakas, Jainas and Buddhists. Unlike the orthodox schools, the members of these philosophical systems do not believe in the authority of the Vedas.
The philosophy is popular for its unflinching passion for finding the ultimate truth. And even though there were many schools who were onto this journey and their views differed drastically many a time, yet each school made it a point to hear and understand the points put forth by other schools, see if they differed on the stance or not, before coming to a conclusion.
The true self has been the main topic of investigation in the Upanishads. We may select three Upanishads – the Chhandogya, the Mundukya and the Katha for our present purpose.
The word ‘Upanishad’ is derived from the root ‘sad’ which means to sit down, to destroy and to loosen. ‘Upa’ means ‘nearby’ and ‘ni’ means devotedly. The word therefore means the sitting down of a disciple near his teacher in a devoted manner to receive instruction about the highest reality which loosens all doubts and destroys all ignorance of the disciple.
The doctrine of Pratityasamutpada or Dependent Origination is the foundation of all teachings of the Buddha. It is contained in the Second Noble Truth which gives us the cause of suffering and in the Third Noble Truth which shows the cessation of suffering.
According to Jain Philosophy, each naya or point of view represents only one of the infinite aspects possessed by a thing from which we may attempt to describe it. When any such partial view is mistaken for the absolute truth, we have a fallacy.
We can never solve the problems of our life by solving the problems; this is the first lesson we need to learn in life. We need to first understand we have to set right our inner home first by living in our own mind where we create an environment of least expectations, perseverance and unwavering faith and trust in the divine who resides in our own heart.
Generations of love starved men have swooned over these four lines of poetry by Omar Khayyam. Reading these lines, they dream of luscious, slim waisted, alluring woman, an intricately carved jug full of wine, a loaf of bread and a book of poetry while resting under a palm tree, undisturbed in the silent desert.